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Professor Godfrey Beddard

Visiting Professor

Room 108

University of Edinburgh
Joseph Black Building
David Brewster Road

  • Email:
  • Tel: 0131 650 4817

Research Overview


Research has largely focused on developing and then using time-resolved laser methods (on femtosecond and longer time scales) to study a range of phenomena such as radiationless transitions from excited states; rotational diffusion in solutions, membranes and proteins; electron and energy transfer in photosynthetic organisms; electron transfer in organic molecules and in DNA???s, and photo-induced protein folding and unfolding. Protein unfolding under the influence of force has also been extensively studied using Atomic Force Microscopy.

Most recently, a new technique based on the Hadamard transform has been developed for use in time-resolved spectroscopy and most importantly in time-resolved x-ray crystallography.


  1. The roughness of the protein energy landscape results in anomalous diffusion of the polypeptide backbone. Volk. et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2015), 17, 762-782. 
  2. Time-Resolved Crystallography using the Hadamard Transform. Yorke et al. Nature Methods (2014) ,11, 1131-1134
  3. Measurement of energy landscape roughness of folded and unfolded proteins Milanesi et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA). (2012), 109, 19563–19568.
  4. Mechanically Unfolding the Small, Topologically Simple Protein L Brockwell et al. Biophys. J. (2005), 89, 506-19
  5. Pulling geometry defines the mechanical resistance of a beta-sheet protein Brockwell et. al. Nature Structural Biology. (2003), 10,  731-737.